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李敏 洛芳珍 刘佳 袁明龙

引用本文: 李敏,洛芳珍,刘佳,袁明龙. 星豹蛛生物生态学研究现状及展望. 草业科学, 2020, 37(6): 1183-1193 doi: 10.11829/j.issn.1001-0629.2019-0497 shu
Citation:  LI M, LUO F Z, LIU J, YUAN M L. Biological and ecological characteristics of : Status and prospect. Pratacultural Science, 2020, 37(6): 1183-1193 doi: 10.11829/j.issn.1001-0629.2019-0497 shu

星豹蛛生物生态学研究现状及展望

    作者简介: 李敏(1997-),女,湖北英山人,在读硕士生,研究方向为草地蜘蛛生态学。E-mail: .cn;
    通讯作者: 袁明龙, .cn
  • 基金项目: 长江学者和创新团队发展计划(IRT_17R50)

摘要: 星豹蛛(Pardosa astrigera)是长江和黄河流域多种生境中的优势蜘蛛之一,是害虫的重要捕食性天敌。深入了解星豹蛛的生物生态学特性,是科学利用其开展害虫生物防治的重要基础。本文从国内外星豹蛛研究现状出发,总结了星豹蛛生物生态学特性的已有研究成果,重点关注了星豹蛛的生活史、捕食效应、繁殖与发育以及环境因素对星豹蛛生长发育的影响,并建议今后应加强对星豹蛛的毒性、食性以及生态适应等方面的研究,揭示种群动态及适应性进化机制,以期为星豹蛛的保护与利用及有害生物的综合治理提供理论依据。

English

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    图 1  国内外星豹蛛研究现状

    Figure 1.  Research status of Pardosa astrigera at home and abroad

    表 1  星豹蛛的世代及越冬虫态

    Table 1.  Generation and overwintering stage of P. astrigera

    地点 Place   世代 Generation越冬虫态 Overwintering stage参考文献 Reference
     湖北省武汉市 Wuhan, Hubei Province 2 成蛛 Adult spider [26]
     河北省平山县 Pingshan, Hebei Province 1或2 1 or 2 幼蛛或成蛛 Spiderling and adult spider [28]
     陕西省 Shaanxi Province 2 幼蛛和成蛛 Spiderling and adult spider [30]
     安徽省芜湖市 Wuhu, Anhui Province 2 成蛛和幼蛛 Spiderling and adult spider [31]
     陕西省 Shaanxi Province 2 成蛛和幼蛛 Spiderling and adult spider [32]
     山东省滨州市 Binzhou, Shangdong Province 3 幼蛛或成蛛 Spiderling and adult spider [33]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2  星豹蛛的捕食范围

    Table 2.  The predatory range of P. astrigera


    Order

    Family
    物种
    Species
    虫态
    Developmental stage
    参考文献
    Reference
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  夜蛾科 Noctuidae 棉铃虫 Helicoverpa armigera 卵,幼虫,成虫 Egg, larva, adult [28]
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  夜蛾科 Noctuidae 烟青虫 Heliothis assulta 幼虫 Larva [28]
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  夜蛾科 Noctuidae 粘虫 Mythimna separata 卵,幼虫,成虫 Egg, larva, adult [28]
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  螟蛾科 Pyralidae 条螟 Proceras venosatus 成虫 Adult [28]
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  螟蛾科 Pyralidae 玉米螟 Pyrausta nubilalis 卵,幼虫,成虫 Egg, larva, adult [28]
    直翅目 Orthoptera  飞蝗科 Acrididae 东亚飞蝗 Locusta migratoria 幼虫 Larva [33]
    双翅目 Diptera  黄潜蝇科 Chloropidae 麦秆蝇 Meromyza saltatrix 幼虫 Larva [52]
    鳞翅目 Lepidoptera  夜蛾科 Noctuidae 甜菜叶蛾 Laphygma exigua 幼虫 Larva [59]
    半翅目 Hemiptera  蚜科 Aphididae 桃蚜 Myzus persicae 幼虫 Larva [60]
    下载: 导出CSV
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                  • 通讯作者:  袁明龙, .cn
                  • 收稿日期:  2019-10-08
                  • 网络出版日期:  2020-05-23
                  • 刊出日期:  2020-06-01
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