BG视讯

欢迎访问 草业科学,今天是

qidunguosuanduiwandouyashengzhangfayujifanzhideyingxiang

唐仕娟 苗金贝 陈艳琳 邵娅 路康 王森山

引用本文: 唐仕娟,苗金贝,陈艳琳,邵娅,路康,王森山. 齐墩果酸对豌豆蚜生长发育及繁殖的影响. 草业科学, 2019, 36(10): 2666-2673. doi: shu
Citation:  TANG S J, MIAO J B, CHENG Y L, SHAO Y, LU K, WANG S S. Effect of oleanolic acid on the growth and reproduction of the pea aphid. Pratacultural Science, 2019, 36(10): 2666-2673. doi: shu

齐墩果酸对豌豆蚜生长发育及繁殖的影响

    作者简介: 唐仕娟(1995-),女,甘肃永登人,在读研究生, 研究方向为植物病理学。E-mail: ;
    通讯作者: 王森山, .cn
  • 基金项目: 甘肃省高等学校科研项目(2016B-040);甘肃农业大学大学生SRTP项目(20171115)

摘要: 齐墩果酸是一种三萜类化合物,对植食性昆虫具有拒食、毒杀、趋避作用。为明确齐墩果酸对两种色型豌豆蚜生理的影响,本研究采用豌豆蚜全纯人工饲料薄膜饲养技术。通过设置5组不同浓度的齐墩果酸人工饲料,在室内培养箱环境下饲养绿色型、红色型豌豆蚜(Acyrthosiphon pisum),测定了存活率、相对日均体重增长率、有翅蚜率和产蚜率等指标。结果表明,齐墩果酸对绿色型豌豆蚜的生长发育及繁殖具有一定的抑制作用,而对红色型豌豆蚜的生长发育及繁殖没有抑制作用。在齐墩果酸浓度0.1~2.0 mg·mL–1内,随着齐墩果酸浓度的增大,绿色型豌豆蚜的存活率、相对日均体重增长率、平均产蚜量、产蚜率均表现为降低,而在2.0 mg·mL–1时降至最低。而有翅蚜率逐渐增大并在1.0 mg·mL–1浓度时达到最大,随后逐渐降低。本研究为进一步研究齐墩果酸在生理、行为学层面是如何影响豌豆蚜的生长发育等提供技术和依据。

English

    1. [1]

      匡海学.中药化学.北京:中国中医药出版社, 2003:226-259.
      BG视讯 KUANG H X. Traditional Chinese Medicine Chemistry. Beijing: Chinese Traditional Medicine Press, 2003:226-259.

    2. [2]

      孙彦, 龙瑞才, 张铁军, 杨青川, 周禾.  紫花苜蓿皂苷研究进展[J]. 草业学报, 2013, 22(3): 274-283.
      SUN Y, LONG R C, ZHANG T J, YANG Q C, ZHOU H.  Research progress on saponins of alfalfa[J]. Journal of Grass IndustryBG视讯, 2013, 22(3): 274-283.

    3. [3]

      彭少麟, 南蓬, 钟扬.  植物中的萜类化合物及其在生态系统中的作用[J]. 生态学杂志, 2002, (3): 33-38. doi:
      PENG S L, NAN P, ZHONG Y.  Indole compounds in higher plants and their roles in ecosystems[J]. Journal of Ecology, 2002, (3): 33-38. doi:

    4. [4]

      景沛, 鲁庭延, 熊丹, 李劲薇, 刘易陇, 钟志容.  齐墩果酸片的处方优化设计[J]. 泸州医学院学报, 2014, 37(3): 235-238. doi:
      JIANG P, LU T Y, XIONG D, LI J W, LIU Y L, ZHONG Z R.  Prescription optimization design of oleanolic acid tablets[J]. Journal of Luzhou Medical College, 2014, 37(3): 235-238. doi:

    5. [5]

      张亮.新疆紫花苜蓿皂苷的提取、分离及纯化工艺研究.乌鲁木齐: 新疆大学硕士学位论文, 2009.
      ZHANG L. Study on the saponins of extraction, separation and purification of Xinjiang alfalfa. Master Thesis. Urumqi: Xinjiang University, 2009.

    6. [6]

      付佳, 王洋, 阎秀峰.  萜类化合物的生理生态功能及经济价值[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2003, 31(6): 59-62. doi:
      FU J, WANG Y, PEI X F.  Economic of physiological and ecological functions value of terpenoids[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2003, 31(6): 59-62. doi:

    7. [7]

      徐正浩, 崔绍荣, 何勇, 李迪, 赵明, 张旭, 余柳青.  植物次生代谢物质和害虫防治[J]. 植物保护, 2004, 30(4): 8-11. doi:
      XU Z H, CUI S R, HE Y, LI D, ZHAO M, ZHANG X, YU L Q.  Plant secondary metabolites and pest control[J]. Plant Protection, 2004, 30(4): 8-11. doi:

    8. [8]

      GOVINDACHARI T R, SURESH G.  Antifungal activity of some B, D-secolimoniods from two Meliaceous plants[J]. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 1999, 25(4): 923-933. doi:

    9. [9]

      谷文祥, 段舜山, 骆世明.  萜类化合物的生态特性及其对植物的化感作用[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 1998, 19(4): 111-115.
      GU W X, DUAN Y S, LUO S M.  The ecological characteristics of indole compounds and their allelopathic effects on plants[J]. Journal of South China Agricultural UniversityBG视讯, 1998, 19(4): 111-115.

    10. [10]

      董红霞, 王敬淑, 刘光华, 凌冰.  植物次生化合物在害虫防治中的作用[J]. 仲恺农业技术学院学报, 2005, 18(2): 65-71. doi:
      DONG H X, WANG J S, LIU G H, LING B.  The roles of secondary metabolites in insect pest control[J]. Journal of Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Technolog, 2005, 18(2): 65-71. doi:

    11. [11]

      吕宁, 刘长仲.  不同抗生素对豌豆蚜生物学特性的影响[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2014, 22(2): 208-216.
      LYU N, LIU C Z.  Effect of different antibiotics on the biological characteristics of pea aphid[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 2014, 22(2): 208-216.

    12. [12]

      朱玉永. 豌豆蚜与寄主互作关系的研究. 石河子: 石河子大学硕士学位论文, 2014.
      BG视讯 ZHU Y Y. Study on the interaction between aphids and their host. Master Thesis. Shihezi: Shihezi University, 2014.

    13. [13]

      武德功, 杜军利, 贺春贵.  4个苜蓿品种对两种体色豌豆蚜的抗生性[J]. 植物保护, 2015, 41(): 49-54, 62. doi:
      WU D G, DU J L, HE C G.  Antibiosis of four alfalfa cultivars against two color morphs of Acyrthosiphon pisum[J]. Plant Protection, 2015, 41(): 49-54, 62. doi:

    14. [14]

      武德功, 王森山, 刘长仲, 胡桂馨, 杜军利, 贺春贵.  豌豆蚜刺吸胁迫对不同苜蓿品种体内单宁含量及生理活性的影响[J]. 草地学报, 2011, 19(): 351-355. doi:
      WU D G, WANG S S, LIU C Z, HU G X, DU J L, HE C G.  Effects of herbivore stress by Acyrthosiphon pisum on the contents of Tannin and physiological activity in different alfalfa cultivars[J]. Acta Agrestia Sinica, 2011, 19(): 351-355. doi:

    15. [15]

      孙玺文. 光照与温度交互作用对两种色型豌豆蚜种群的影响.兰州: 甘肃农业大学硕士学位论文, 2017.
      SUN X W. Effects of photo period and temperature interaction on population of two colour morphs of Acyrthosiphon pisumBG视讯. Master Thesis. Lanzhou: Gansu Agricultural University, 2017.

    16. [16]

      BRAENDLE C, WEISSER W W.  Variation in escape behavior of red and green clones of the pea aphid[J]. Journal of Insect Behavior, 2001, 14(4): 497-509. doi:

    17. [17]

      FARHOUDI F, ALLAHYARI H, TABADKANI S M, GHOLIZADEH M.  Prey preference of Aphidoletes aphidimyza on Acyrthosiphon pisum: Effect of prey color and size[J]. Journal of insect Behavior, 2014, 27(6): 776-785. doi:

    18. [18]

      LOSEY J E, HARMON J, BALLANTYNE F, BROWN C.  A polymorphism maintained by opposite patterns of parasitism and predation[J]. Nature, 1997, 388(): 269-272. doi:

    19. [19]

      FRANTZ A, CALCAGNO V, MIEUZET L, PLANTEGENEST M, SIMON J C.  Complex trait differentiation between host- populations of the pea aphid Acyrthosphon pisum (Harris): Implications for the evolution of ecological specialisation[J]. Biological Journal of the Lin-nean Socicty, 2009, 97(4): 718-727. doi:

    20. [20]

      LIBBRECHT R, GWYNN D M, FELLOWES M D E.  Aphidius ervi preferentially attacks the green morph of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum[J]. Journal of insect Behavior, 2007, 20(1): 25-32. doi:

    21. [21]

      王小强, 刘长仲, 祁发鹏, 李毅恒.  吡虫啉亚致死剂量对2种色型豌豆蚜生长发育和种群参数的影响[J]. 草地学报, 2014, 22(5): 1110-1116. doi:
      WANG X Q, LIU C Z, QI F P, LI Y H.  Effects of sublethal dosage of imidacloprid on the growth, development and population parameter of two color morphs of pea aphid[J]. Acta Agrectia Sinica, 2014, 22(5): 1110-1116. doi:

    22. [22]

      AHSAEI S M, TABADKANI S M, HOSSEININAVEH V, ALLAHYARI H, BIGHAM M.  Differential accumulation of energy by the colour morphs of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum mirrors their ecological adaptations[J]. European Journal of Entomology, 2013, 110(2): 241-245. doi:

    23. [23]

      SCHUETT W, DALL S R, KLOESENER M H, BAEUMER J, BEINLICH F, EGGERS T.  Life-history trade-offs mediate‘personality’variation in two colour morphs of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum[J]. Journal of Animal Ecology, 2015, 84(1): 90-101. doi:

    24. [24]

      王小强, 刘长仲.  阿维菌素亚致死剂量下2种色型豌豆蚜解毒酶活力的研究[J]. 中国生态农业学报, 2014, 22(6): 675-681.
      WANG X Q, LIU C Z.  Detoxification enzymes activities in two color morphs of pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) treated with different sub-lethal concentrations of avermectin[J]. Chinese Journal of Eco-AgricultureBG视讯, 2014, 22(6): 675-681.

    25. [25]

      LI Z, WAGN M Y, LI X P, WANG X T, JIA C L, YANG X Z, FENG R Q, YUAN M L.  A small set of differentially expressed genes was associated with two color morphs in natural populations of the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum[J]. Gene, 2018, 651(): 23-32.

    26. [26]

      邵娅, 王森山, 叶超.  单宁酸对红、绿色型豌豆蚜生长发育及繁殖的影响[J]. 草地学报, 2017, 25(): 866-870. doi:
      SHAO Y, WANG S S, YE C.  Effects of tannic acid on growth and reproduction of red and green aphids[J]. Acta Grassland Sinica, 2017, 25(): 866-870. doi:

    27. [27]

      叶超. 豌豆蚜人工饲料及饲养技术研究. 兰州: 甘肃农业大学硕士学位论文, 2016.
      YE C.Investigation on artificial diet and rearing technique of pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris). Master Thesis. Lanzhou: Gansu Agricultural University, 2016.

    28. [28]

      POLLARD D.  Plant penetration by feeding aphids (Hemiptera, Aphidoidea): A review[J]. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 1973, 62(): 631-714. doi:

    29. [29]

      TJALLINGⅡ W, ESCH T H.  Fine structure of aphid stylet routes in plant tissues in correlation with EPG signals[J]. Physiological Entomology, 1993, 18(): 317-328. doi:

    30. [30]

      KANG J H, LIU G, SHI F, JONES A, BEAUDRY R M, HOWE G A.  The tomatoodorless-2 mutant is defective in trichome-based production of diverse specializedmetabolites and broad-spectrum resistance to insect herbivores[J]. Plant Physiological, 2010, 154(): 262-272. doi:

    31. [31]

      GRIFFITHS D W, DEIGHTON N, BIRCH A N E, PATRIAN B, BAUR R, STÄDLER E.  Identification of glucosinolates on the leaf surface of plants from the cruciferaeand other closely related species[J]. Phytochemistry, 2001, 57(): 693-700. doi:

    32. [32]

      REINA-PINTO J J, YEPHREMOV A.  Surface lipids and plant defenses[J]. Plant Physiological Biochemistry, 2009, 47(): 540-549. doi:

    33. [33]

      GLAS J J, SCHIMMEL B C, ALBA J M, ESCOBAR-BRAVO R, SCHUURINK R C, KANT M R.  Plant glandular trichomes as targets for breeding or engineering of resistance toherbivores[J]. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2012, 13(): 17077-17103. doi:

    34. [34]

      杨巧燕. 豌豆蚜体内共生菌对蚜虫与寄主互作关系的影响研究. 兰州: 甘肃农业大学硕士学位论文, 2017.
      YANG Q Y. Research on the effects of the intracellular bacterial symbionts in Acyrthosiphon pisum harris on the interaction between aphids and host plants. Master Thesis. Lanzhou: Gansu Agricultural University, 2017.

    35. [35]

      KOGA R, TSUCHIDA T, FUKATSU T.  Changing partners in an obligate symbiosis: A facultative endosymbiont can compensate for loss of the essential endosymbiont Buchnera in an aphid[J]. Proceedings of the Royal Society B:Biological Sciences, 2003, 270(): 2543-2550. doi:

    36. [36]

      刘向东, 张元臣.  蚜虫共生菌感染格局、动态及在宿主种群分化中的作用[J]. 南京农业大学学报, 2018, 41(2): 209-217. doi:
      LIU X D, ZHANG Y C.  Infection pattern and dynamics of endosymbionts in aphids and their effects on population differentiation of hosts[J]. Journal of Nanjing Agricultural University, 2018, 41(2): 209-217. doi:

    37. [37]

      王宪楷. 天然药物化学. 北京: 人民卫生出版社, 1988: 391-460.
      BG视讯 WANG X K. Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 1988: 391-460.

    38. [38]

      张亚妮.植物源杀虫剂川楝素环境安全性评价.杨凌: 西北农林科技大学硕士学位论文, 2007.
      ZHANG Y N. Environmental safety evaluation of botanical pesticide toosedanim. Master Thesis. Yangling: Northwest A & F University.2007.

    39. [39]

      汪文陆, 赵善欢, 韩玖, 徐应生.  苦楝中几种杀虫有效成分对菜青虫和亚洲玉米螟的生物活性[J]. 植物保护学报, 1992, (4): 359-364.
      WANG W L, ZHAO S X, HAN J, XU Y S.  Bioactivity of several insecticidal active components in neem against cabbage and Asiatic corn borer[J]. Journal of Plant ProtectionBG视讯, 1992, (4): 359-364.

    40. [40]

      胡江川, 孙爱芹, 路明花.  苦楝皮活性成分对几种地下害虫的杀虫效果研究[J]. 北方园艺, 2012, (7): 147-149.
      HU J C, SONG A Q, LU M H.  Study on the insecticidal effect of neem bark active components on several underground pests[J]. Northern HorticultureBG视讯, 2012, (7): 147-149.

    41. [41]

      董易之, 张茂新, 凌冰.  葫芦素B对甜菜夜蛾幼虫取食和成虫产卵的影响[J]. 华南农业大学学报, 2005, 26(2): 56-58. doi:
      DONG Y Z, ZhANG M X, LING B.  Influence of cucurbitacin B on feeding behavior and oviposition of Spodoptera exigua[J]. Journal of South China Agricultural University, 2005, 26(2): 56-58. doi:

    42. [42]

      张茂新, 凌冰.  六种植物叶片中葫芦素B对美洲斑潜蝇寄主选择性的影响[J]. 生态学报, 2004, 24(11): 2564-2568. doi:
      ZHANG M X, LING B.  Effect of cucurbitacin B in leaves from six plants species on plant selectivity of the leaf miner, Liriomyza sativae[J]. Acta Ecologicasinica, 2004, 24(11): 2564-2568. doi:

    43. [43]

      王树栋. 四种植物源化合物对甜菜夜蛾酚氧化酶的影响及酶免疫学研究. 泰安: 山东农业大学硕士学位论文, 2010.
      WANG S D.Study on the effects of four plant-derived compounds on phenoloxidase of Spodotera exiguaBG视讯 (Hübner) and immunology of the enzyme. Master Thesis. Tai'an: Shandong Agricultural University, 2010.

    1. [1]

      张洪英魏淑花张蓉苗润李克昌罗晓玲张宇 . 豌豆蚜为害对苜蓿品种酶活性和 营养物质的影响. 草业科学, 2016, 10(1): 144-152. doi:  BG视讯

    2. [2]

      马亚玲刘长仲李春杰 . 光周期和强度对豌豆蚜子代生物学特性的影响. 草业科学, 2019, 36(12): 3182-3190. doi:  BG视讯

    3. [3]

      杨巧燕陈威孙小玲刘长仲 . 多异瓢虫捕食豌豆蚜功能对3种杀虫剂亚致死剂量的响应. 草业科学, 2016, 10(7): 1418-1425. doi: 

    4. [4]

      王玉祥张博 . 新疆野生三叶草弹花机制及繁殖特性. 草业科学, 2016, 10(4): 662-668. doi: 

    5. [5]

      钱瑭璜雷江丽许建新徐义炎 . 华南地区8种地被植物的耐旱性及繁殖移栽效果. 草业科学, 2013, 7(11): 1718-1724.

    6. [6]

       豌豆蚜生物生态学特性. 草业科学, 2017, 11(8): 1727-1740. doi: 

    7. [7]

       4gemuxupinzhongduiwandouyadekangxingpingjia. caoyekexue, 2012, 6(1): 101-104.

    8. [8]

      杜军利武德功黄保宏黄伟东王增霞 . 异色瓢虫对豌豆修尾蚜的捕食功能反应. 草业科学, 2018, 12(7): 1772-1779. doi:  BG视讯

    9. [9]

      魏淑花曹春婧朱小芳张蓉王颖 . 豌豆蚜在6个不同抗性苜蓿品种上取食行为的EPG分析. 草业科学, 2017, 11(12): 2569-2574. doi: 

    10. [10]

       fengyutiaojianxiabaimaofanzhiduiceyanjiu. caoyekexue, 2008, 2(11): 79-83.

    11. [11]

      李伟丽黄丽芳夏新界 . 芡欧鼠尾草的组织培养和快速繁殖. 草业科学, 2016, 10(3): 393-399. doi:  BG视讯

    12. [12]

       mucaozhongzhiziyuanfanzhigengxinjishuguicheng. caoyekexue, 2009, 3(10): 134-139.

    13. [13]

      王业社段林东周双 . 粗叶悬钩子无性扦插繁殖技术的优化. 草业科学, 2014, 8(8): 1461-1465. doi: 

    14. [14]

      周延山花立民纪维红楚 彬刘 丽 . 鼢鼠亚科繁殖特性研究进展. 草业科学, 2015, 9(6): 1010-. doi:  BG视讯

    15. [15]

      姚峰蔺银鼎 . 绢毛匍匐委陵菜的适宜营养繁殖方式. 草业科学, 2016, 10(4): 700-705. doi: 

    16. [16]

      王倩贾婷婷庞晓攀金少红陈传武郭正刚 . 高原鼠兔干扰对达乌里秦艽繁殖特征的影响. 草业科学, 2015, 9(5): 796-. doi: 

    17. [17]

      BG视讯  hudielanyounenhuagengzuzhipeiyanghekuaisufanzhi. caoyekexue, 2011, 5(4): 590-596.

    18. [18]

      高欢欢曾凡江李尝君郭自春 . 疏叶骆驼刺根系的田间离体繁殖. 草业科学, 2016, 10(5): 891-896. doi:  BG视讯

    19. [19]

      杨艳莉周青平颜红波石红霄 . 行距对青海扁茎早熟禾无性繁殖影响的研究. 草业科学, 2009, 3(5): 66-71.

    20. [20]

      刘晓东刘 娇何 淼 . 香蓼带芽茎段的组织培养和快速繁殖. 草业科学, 2014, 8(1): 89-94. doi:  BG视讯

  • BG视讯

    图 1  BG视讯 不同浓度齐墩果酸对绿色型豌豆蚜产蚜量的影响

    Figure 1.  Effect of different concentrations oleanolic acid on green pea aphid fecundity

    图 2  不同浓度齐墩果酸对红色型豌豆蚜平均产蚜量的影响

    Figure 2.  Effect of different concentrations oleanolic acid on red pea aphid fecundity

    图 3  BG视讯 不同浓度齐墩果酸对绿色型豌豆蚜产蚜率的影响

    Figure 3.  BG视讯 Effect of different concentrations Oleanolic acid on fecundity rate of green pea aphid

    图 4  不同浓度齐墩果酸对红色型豌豆蚜产蚜率的影响

    Figure 4.  BG视讯 Effect of different concentrations oleanolic acid on the fecundity rate of red pea aphid

    表 1  不同质量浓度齐墩果酸对绿色型豌豆蚜生长发育的影响

    Table 1.  BG视讯 Effect of the different concentrations oleanolic acid on the growth and development of green pea aphid

    齐墩果酸浓度
    Oleanolic concentration treatment/(mg·mL-1)
    存活率 Survival rate/%相对日均体重增长率
    Growth rate of relative daily average weight/%
    有翅蚜率
    Rate of aphid
    with wings/%
    第6天
    The 6th day
    第12天
    The 12h day
    第20天
    The 20th day
    0 (CK) 96.7 ± 3.3a 60.0 ± 5.8a 33.3 ± 3.3a 0.29 ± 0.01a 3.3 ± 3.3c
    0.1 (C1) 96.7 ± 3.3a 66.6 ± 3.3a 26.7 ± 6.6a 0.26 ± 0.01abc 26.7 ± 3.3b
    0.5 (C2) 96.7 ± 3.3a 66.6 ± 3.3a 20.0 ± 10.0a 0.27 ± 0.01ab 40.0 ± 5.7ab
    1.0 (C3) 96.7 ± 3.3a 53.3 ± 3.3a 20.0 ± 5.8a 0.23 ± 0.01cd 56.7 ± 6.6ab
    1.5 (C4) 93.3 ± 6.6a 56.7 ± 8.8a 0.0 ± 0.0b 0.24 ± 0.01bc 50.0 ± 5.7a
    2.0 (C5) 93.3 ± 3.3a 50.0 ± 5.7a 0.0 ± 0.0b 0.21 ± 0.00d 50.0 ± 11.5a
     不同小写字母表示同一指标间不同浓度间差异显著 (P < 0.05)。下同。
     Different lowercase letters indicate significant difference between different concentrations of the same index at the 0.05 level; similarly for the following tables and figures.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2  BG视讯 不同质量浓度齐墩果酸对红色型豌豆蚜生长发育的影响

    Table 2.  BG视讯 Effect of different concentrations oleanolic acid on the growth and development of red pea aphid

    齐墩果酸浓度
    Oleanolic concentration treatment/(mg·mL-1)
    存活率Survival rate/%相对日均体重增长
    Growth rate of relative dailyaverage weight/%
    有翅蚜率
    Rate of aphid
    with wings/%
    第6天
    The 6th day
    第12天
    The 12th day
    第20天
    The 20th day
    0 (CK) 83.3 ± 6.6a 53.3 ± 3.3a 10.0 ± 0.0a 0.21 ± 0.00a 10.0 ± 0.0c
    0.1 (C1) 83.3 ± 3.3a 46.7 ± 3.3a 6.7 ± 3.3a 0.23 ± 0.01a 20.0 ± 0.0bc
    0.5 (C2) 80.0 ± 0.0a 40.0 ± 10.0a 3.3 ± 0.0a 0.22 ± 0.01a 20.0 ± 5.7bc
    1.0 (C3) 80.0 ± 5.7a 43.3 ± 14.5a 3.3 ± 3.3a 0.22 ± 0.00a 33.3 ± 8.8a
    1.5 (C4) 80.0 ± 5.7a 43.3 ± 14.5a 4.7 ± 3.3a 0.22 ± 0.01a 10.0 ± 5.7c
    2.0 (C5) 73.3 ± 6.6a 40.0 ± 0.0a 3.6 ± 0.0a 0.21 ± 0.00a 13.3 ± 8.8bc
    下载: 导出CSV
    BG视讯
  • <tfoot id='efe6s'></tfoot>

          <legend id='efe6s'><style id='efe6s'><dir id='efe6s'><q id='efe6s'></q></dir></style></legend>
          <i id='efe6s'><tr id='efe6s'><dt id='efe6s'><q id='efe6s'><span id='efe6s'><b id='efe6s'><form id='efe6s'><ins id='efe6s'></ins><ul id='efe6s'></ul><sub id='efe6s'></sub></form><legend id='efe6s'></legend><bdo id='efe6s'><pre id='efe6s'><center id='efe6s'></center></pre></bdo></b><th id='efe6s'></th></span></q></dt></tr></i><div id='efe6s'><tfoot id='efe6s'></tfoot><dl id='efe6s'><fieldset id='efe6s'></fieldset></dl></div>

              <bdo id='efe6s'></bdo><ul id='efe6s'></ul>

                  1. <li id='efe6s'><abbr id='efe6s'></abbr></li>
                • 加载中
                • 图(4)表(2)
                  计量
                  • PDF下载量:  6
                  • 文章访问数:  146
                  • HTML全文浏览量:  128
                  文章相关
                  • 通讯作者:  王森山, .cn
                  • 收稿日期:  2018-12-27
                  • 刊出日期:  2019-10-01
                  通讯作者: 陈斌,
                  • 1. 

                    BG视讯shenyanghuagongdaxuecailiaokexueyugongchengxueyuan shenyang 110142

                  1. 本站搜索
                  2. 百度学术搜索
                  3. 万方数据库搜索
                  4. CNKI搜索

                  /

                  返回文章
                  BG视讯