BG视讯

欢迎访问 草业科学,今天是

zhiwuxianweizaiyundongchangcaopingpingchuangzhongdeyingyong

汪呈 刘志超 徐伟 常智慧

引用本文: 汪呈,刘志超,徐伟,常智慧. 植物纤维在运动场草坪坪床中的应用. 草业科学, 2019, 36(10): 2516-2524. doi: shu
Citation:  WANG C, LIU Z C, XU W, CHANG Z H. Application of plant fibers in sports turf rootzone. Pratacultural Science, 2019, 36(10): 2516-2524. doi: shu

植物纤维在运动场草坪坪床中的应用

    作者简介: 汪呈(1993-),男,安徽潜山人,在读硕士生,主要从事高尔夫球场及运动场建设与管理研究。E-mail: ;
    通讯作者: 常智慧, .cn
  • 基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题——秸秆基料化综合利用技术及标准研究(2018YFF0213502)

摘要: 为解决沙基运动场草坪在其投入使用初期表面缺乏稳定性的问题,本研究对3种植物纤维废弃物(废旧棉花、麦秆以及椰糠)作为坪床加固材料的可行性进行了分析。试验草坪采用草地早熟禾(Poa pratensis)草皮密铺建植,以纯沙坪床基质(CK)作为对照,按质量比混入1%废旧棉花(T1)、1%麦秆(T2)以及1%椰糠(T3)作为处理,研究各坪床基质对草坪外观质量、土壤条件以及运动质量的影响。结果表明,与CK处理相比,T1、T2以及T3处理均能提升草坪色泽,促进草坪分蘖,提高草坪外观质量,其中T3处理最佳,T2处理次之;T1、T2和T3处理均能增强土壤持水性,增大土壤紧实度以及抗剪强度,其中T3处理能显著增强土壤持水性和增大土壤抗剪强度(P < 0.05),而T1处理则能显著增大土壤紧实度以及抗剪强度(P < 0.05);各处理草坪运动质量(扭动摩擦性能、表面硬度、回弹性)均符合运动场草坪质量相关评价标准。由此表明,废旧棉花、麦秆以及椰糠均可作为沙基运动场草坪坪床加固材料,其中添加1%废旧棉花(T1)处理坪床加固效果最佳,值得在运动场草坪建植中推广应用。

English

    1. [1]

      韩烈保. 运动场草坪. 第2版. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 2011: 1-4, 17.
      HAN L B. Sports Turf. 2nd ed. Beijing: China Agriculture Press, 2011: 1-4, 17.

    2. [2]

      USGA Green Section Staff.  USGA recommendations for a method of putting green construction[J]. USGA Green Section Record, 1993, 31(2): 1-3.

    3. [3]

      MCNITT A S, LANDSCHOOT P J.  The effects of soil reinforcing materials on the traction and divot resistance of a sand root zone[J]. International Turfgrass Society Research Journal, 2005, 10(): 1115-1122.

    4. [4]

      LI D, MINNER D D, CHRISTIANS N E.  Evaluation of factors contributing to surface stability of sand-based turf[J]. Agronomy Journal, 2009, 101(5): 1160-1167. doi:

    5. [5]

      ADAMS W A, JONES R L.  The effect of particle size composition and root binding on the resistance to shear of sportsturf surfaces[J]. Rasen, Grunflachen, BegrunungenBG视讯, 1979, 10(2): 48-53.

    6. [6]

      VAN WIJK A L M.  A soil technological study on effectuating and maintaining adequate playing conditions of grass sports fields[J]. Wageningen: Centre for Agricultural Publishing and DocumentationBG视讯, 1980, (): 124-.

    7. [7]

      POWELL J, SCHOOTMAN M.  A multivariate risk analysis of natural grass and astroturf playing surfaces in the National Football League 1980–1989[J]. International Turfgrass Society Research JournalBG视讯, 1993, 7(): 201-210.

    8. [8]

      WADDINGTON D V, MCNITT A S.  State research on surface characteristics of playing fields[J]. Keynoter, 1995, 23(): 5-7.

    9. [9]

      BAKER S W.  The reinforcement of turfgrass areas using plastics and other synthetic materials: A review[J]. International Turfgrass Society Research JournalBG视讯, 1997, 8(): 3-13.

    10. [10]

      MCNITT A S, LANDSHOOT P J.  The effects of soil reinforcing inclusions in an athletic field rootzone[J]. International Turfgrass Society Research JournalBG视讯, 2001, 9(): 565-572.

    11. [11]

      HEJAZI S M, SHEIKHZADEH M, ABTAHI S M, ZADHOUSH A.  A simple review of soil reinforcement by using natural and synthetic fibers[J]. Construction and Building Materials, 2012, 30(): 100-116. doi:

    12. [12]

      刁明, 冯雪程, 喻晓强, 杜芳鹤, 刘慧英.  不同栽培基质对温室彩椒生长影响的研究[J]. 新疆农业科学, 2013, 50(2): 273-278.
      DIAO M, FENG X C, YU X Q, DU F H, LIU H Y.  Effects of different growth media on the growth of color pepper in greenhouse[J]. Xingjiang Agricultural Sciences, 2013, 50(2): 273-278.

    13. [13]

      孙永明, 李国学, 张夫道, 施晨璐, 孙振钧.  中国农业废弃物资源化现状与发展战略[J]. 农业工程学报, 2005, 21(8): 169-173. doi:
      SUN Y M, LI G X, ZHANG F D, SHI C L, SUN Z J.  Status quo and developmental strategy of agricultural residues resources in China[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering, 2005, 21(8): 169-173. doi:

    14. [14]

      朱国鹏, 刘士哲, 陈业渊, 黄宏坤.  基于椰糠的新型无土栽培基质研究(Ⅱ)配方试种筛选[J]. 热带作物学报, 2005, 26(2): 100-106.
      ZHU G P, LIU S Z, CHEN Y Y, HUANG H K.  Study on new coir-based medium for soilless culture Ⅱ. Formula selection and evaluation[J]. Chinese Journal of Tropical Crops, 2005, 26(2): 100-106.

    15. [15]

      奇凤, 宋桂龙.  草坪草分蘖特征及调控机理研究进展[J]. 草原与草坪, 2012, 32(1): 79-86. doi:
      QI F, SONG G L.  A review of studies on turfgrass tillering characteristics and its control mechanism[J]. Grassland and Turf, 2012, 32(1): 79-86. doi:

    16. [16]

      张吉利. 水分对草坪草生长及坪用质量的影响. 第十四届华北六省(市、区)农学会学术年会论文集. 呼和浩特: 内蒙古自治区农学会, 2016: 17-20.
      ZHANG J L. Effects of water on lawn plant growth and turf quality. Proceedings of the 14th annual conference of the agricultural association of the six provinces (cities, districts) of north China. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Agricultural Society, 2016: 17-20.

    17. [17]

      deaton m t. trinexapac-ethyl and overseeding effects on shear strength and tolerance to simulated traffic of four bermudagrass cultivars grown on a sand-based system. master thesis. lexington: university of kentucky, 2009.

    18. [18]

      周禾, 樊奋成, 杨波. 草坪质量评价方法的研究. //面向21世纪的中国草坪科学与草坪业学术讨论会. 北京: 中国农业出版社, 1999: 22-26.
      ZHOU H, FAN F C, YANG B. Study on the evaluation method of turf quality. //Chinese Turf Science and Turf Industry Academic Seminar for the 21st Century. Beijing: China Agricultural Press, 1999: 22-26.

    19. [19]

      沈瑞庆, 余燕平, 李向前, 李朝贵.  纺织材料的土壤化研究[J]. 纺织学报, 1994, 15(5): 18-22.
      SHEN R Q, YU Y P, LI X Y, LI C G.  A research on soil-conversion textile materials[J]. Journal of Textile ResearchBG视讯, 1994, 15(5): 18-22.

    20. [20]

      王宁堂, 王军利, 李建国.  农作物秸秆综合利用现状、途径及对策[J]. 陕西农业科学, 2007, (2): 112-115. doi:
      WANG N T, WANG J L, LI J G.  Current situation, ways and countermeasures of comprehensive utilization of crop straw[J]. Shaanxi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2007, (2): 112-115. doi:

    21. [21]

      赵健, 罗学刚, 汪飞.  棕榈/椰糠无土栽培基质理化性质比较及调节[J]. 中国农学通报, 2016, 32(12): 71-76. doi:
      ZHAO J, LUO X G, WANG F.  Comparision and adjustment of phyisiochemical properties of soilless cultivation substrates palm fiber and coconut tree branny[J]. Chinese Agricultural Science Bulletin, 2016, 32(12): 71-76. doi:

    22. [22]

      MEEROW A W.  Growth of two tropical foliage plants using coir dust as a container medium amendment[J]. HorttechnologyBG视讯, 1995, 5(3): 237-239.

    23. [23]

      戎泽, 白波, 王洪伦, 索有瑞.  天然椰糠粉增强陕西娄土持水性能研究[J]. 应用化工, 2017, 46(5): 902-906. doi:
      RONG Z, BAI B, WANG H L, SUO Y R.  Enhanced performance of natural coconut powder for the water retention capacity of Shaanxi Lou soil[J]. Applied Chemical Industry, 2017, 46(5): 902-906. doi:

    24. [24]

      张鑫, 隋世江, 于涛, 刘慧颖.  不同量秸秆还田对玉米产量及水分利用效率的影响[J]. 湖北农业科学, 2014, 53(19): 4581-4583.
      ZHANG X, SUI S J,YU T, LIU H Y.  Effects of different amounts of straw returning on corn yield and water use efficiency[J]. Hubei Agricultural Sciences, 2014, 53(19): 4581-4583.

    25. [25]

      GILL W R.  Influence of compaction hardening of soil on penetration resistance[J]. Transactions American Society of Agricultural Engineering, 1968, 11(): 741-745. doi:

    26. [26]

      蒋必凤, 王海飙, 李淑敏.  草本植物根系对土体加筋的效应[J]. 东北林业大学学报, 2017, 45(7): 51-54. doi:
      JIANG B F, WANG H B, LI S M.  Reinforcing effect of herbaceous root system on soil[J]. Journal of Northeast Forestry University, 2017, 45(7): 51-54. doi:

    27. [27]

      canaway p m, bell m j, holmes g, baker s w. standards for the playing quality of natural turf for association football. //in: schmidt r c, hoerner e f, milner e m, morehouse c a. (eds). natural and artificial playing fields: characteristics and safety features. asstm stp1073. philadelphia: american society for testing materials, 1990: 29-47.

    28. [28]

      BAKER S W, ISAAC S P, ISAAC B J.  An assessment of five reinforcement materials for sports turf: Playing quality Ⅱ[J]. Vegetationstechnik, 1988, 11(): 12-15.

    29. [29]

      dest w m, guillard k. developing playing quality standards for natural turf athletic playing surfaces. madison: american society of agronomy, 1999: 124.

    30. [30]

      李德颖, 张德顺.  北京工人体育场草坪质量分析[J]. 草业学报, 1998, 7(3): 62-66.
      LI D Y, ZHANG D S.  The quality of turf in Beijing workers’ stadium[J]. Acta Prataculture SinicaBG视讯, 1998, 7(3): 62-66.

    1. [1]

      汪呈徐伟常智慧 . 运动场草坪坪床稳定性研究进展. 草业科学, 2019, 36(3): 692-703. doi:  BG视讯

    2. [2]

      ??达包永??宋桂龙韩烈保 . 运动场草坪的坪床加固技术研究进展. 草业科学, 2010, 4(7): 41-47.

    3. [3]

      BG视讯  butongfeiqiwujizhiduigouyagenwutucaopishengchandeyingxiang. caoyekexue, 2011, 5(1): 68-73.

    4. [4]

      司莉青陈利民郑景明周金星彭霞薇 . 城市污泥与园林废弃物堆肥混合添加对土壤改良的影响. 草业科学, 2018, 12(1): 1-9. doi: 

    5. [5]

      BG视讯  butongcaozhonghechuangjideyundongxingcaopingnaijiantaxingyanjiujinzhan. caoyekexue, 2009, 3(6): 180-186.

    6. [6]

      胡先运 . 植物形态生物质材料的制备与力学性能. 草业科学, 2013, 7(6): 958-963.

    7. [7]

      陈思慧徐华黄非周功克柴国华董国清 . 草本植物半纤维素研究进展. 草业科学, 2020, 37(3): 506-513. doi:  BG视讯

    8. [8]

      ??妍王兆龙??露胡玉咏BG视讯 . 模拟鸟巢式体育场对高羊茅草坪夏季生长的影响. 草业科学, 2009, 3(5): 161-168.

    9. [9]

      闫慧芳夏方山王明亚毛培胜BG视讯 . 植物体内自由基清除剂抗坏血酸研究进展. 草业科学, 2013, 7(8): 1246-1252.

    10. [10]

      周涛苏正安何周窈杨鸿琨王晓艺 . 不同恢复年限矿山排土场植物群落特征. 草业科学, 2019, 36(6): 1508-1517. doi: 

    11. [11]

      BG视讯  qingzanggaoyuandongyuan10zhonghebenkezhiwuzhongzimengfadejiwenhejiwen. caoyekexue, 2011, 5(6): 983-987.

    12. [12]

      BG视讯  qinlingyeshengtaicaozhiwuziyuanjipingyongjiazhi. caoyekexue, 2011, 5(7): 1253-1258.

    13. [13]

      金艳霞周华坤姚步青付京晶王文颖赵新全 . 高寒草原取土场自然恢复过程中植物群落的特征和恢复力. 草业科学, 2014, 8(8): 1528-1537. doi: 

    14. [14]

      王楚含徐海量赵新风苑塏烨 . 补水对采金废弃矿区恢复效益的影响. 草业科学, 2016, 10(10): 2126-2135. doi: 

    15. [15]

      张晓慧干友民??婷??薇 . 5份西南野生马蹄金材料的光合特性比较. 草业科学, 2010, 4(3): 76-81.

    16. [16]

      林志魁罗宗志梅兰刘宏伟吴金寿林占熺 . 芦竹属新材料绿洲3号的愈伤组织诱导. 草业科学, 2016, 10(10): 2012-2018. doi:  BG视讯

    17. [17]

      BG视讯  30fenlaomangmaizhongzhicailiaokanghanxingyanjiu. caoyekexue, 2011, 5(1): 90-93.

    18. [18]

      张海南周青平颜红波梁国玲刘文辉 . 盐胁迫对5种碱茅材料种子萌发的影响. 草业科学, 2013, 7(11): 1767-1770.

    19. [19]

      刘 立傅 华陈鸿洋黄德君周鸿进 . 高寒地区两份垂穗披碱草材料饲用品质的比较. 草业科学, 2013, 7(7): 1089-1093.

    20. [20]

      贺佳圆王靖婷白小明董 沁吕优伟BG视讯 . 温度对8个野生早熟禾材料萌发特性的影响. 草业科学, 2013, 7(3): 383-389.

  • BG视讯

    图 1  BG视讯 不同处理草坪色泽动态变化

    Figure 1.  Dynamic changes of turf color under different treatments

    图 2  BG视讯 不同处理草坪密度动态变化

    Figure 2.  BG视讯 Dynamic changes of turf density under different treatments

    图 3  不同处理草坪外观质量动态变化

    Figure 3.  BG视讯 Dynamic changes of turf appearance quality under different treatments

    图 4  不同处理土壤含水率动态变化

    Figure 4.  Dynamic changes of soil moisture content under different treatments

    图 5  不同处理土壤紧实度动态变化

    Figure 5.  BG视讯 Dynamic changes of soil compaction under different treatments

    图 6  不同处理草坪剪切力矩动态变化

    Figure 6.  BG视讯 Dynamic changes of turf shearing moment under different treatments

    图 7  不同处理足球反弹率动态变化

    Figure 7.  Dynamic changes of ball rebound resilience under different treatments

    表 1  坪床材料基本理化性质

    Table 1.  Basic physical and chemical properties of the rootzone mixes

    坪床材料
    Rootzone mix
    容重
    Bulk density/(g·cm–3)
    pHEC/
    (mS·cm–1)
    全氮
    Total nitrogen/(g·kg–1)
    有机质
    Organic matter/(g·kg–1)
    沙 Sand1.658.060.070.05 2.62
    废旧棉花 Waste cotton0.026.740.892.04963.33
    麦秆 Wheat straw0.046.695.755.71880.83
    椰糠 Coir dust0.116.010.782.01841.01
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 2  BG视讯 不同处理扭动摩擦性能动态变化

    Table 2.  Dynamic change of rotational traction performance under different treatments

    N·m
    处理Treatment日期Date/(MM-DD)
    07-2708-2909-2610-27
    CK39.1 ± 1.1b41.4 ± 0.9b43.1 ± 0.8c44.4 ± 0.8b
    T140.3 ± 0.7b 42.3 ± 0.7ab 44.7 ± 0.4bc45.7 ± 0.8b
    T243.0 ± 0.5a45.2 ± 1.0a 46.0 ± 0.5ab 47.1 ± 0.9ab
    T344.1 ± 0.5a45.0 ± 1.1a46.8 ± 0.8a48.6 ± 1.1a
     同一日期不同小写字母表示各处理间差异显著(P < 0.05)。下同。
     Different lowercase letters within the same date mean significant differences among different treatments at the 0.05 level; similarly for the following Table 3.
    下载: 导出CSV

    表 3  BG视讯 不同处理表面硬度动态变化

    Table 3.  Dynamic changes of surface hardness under different treatments

    Gm
    处理 Treatment日期 Date/(MM-DD)
    07-2708-2909-2610-27
    CK57.1 ± 1.3a60.8 ± 1.3a62.2 ± 1.0a63.7 ± 0.8a
    T156.7 ± 1.0a 59.0 ± 1.0ab 60.2 ± 0.6ab 61.7 ± 0.8ab
    T254.3 ± 1.3a 57.9 ± 1.3ab57.7 ± 0.8b60.2 ± 1.1b
    T354.0 ± 1.0a57.1 ± 0.8b 59.3 ± 1.3ab60.1 ± 0.8b
    下载: 导出CSV
    BG视讯
  • <code id='hd528'><i id='hd528'><q id='hd528'><legend id='hd528'><pre id='hd528'><style id='hd528'><acronym id='hd528'><i id='hd528'><form id='hd528'><option id='hd528'><center id='hd528'></center></option></form></i></acronym></style><tt id='hd528'></tt></pre></legend></q></i></code><center id='hd528'></center>

      <dd id='hd528'></dd>

          <style id='hd528'></style><sub id='hd528'><dfn id='hd528'><abbr id='hd528'><big id='hd528'><bdo id='hd528'></bdo></big></abbr></dfn></sub>
          <dir id='hd528'></dir>
      1. 加载中
      2. 图(7)表(3)
        计量
        • PDF下载量:  8
        • 文章访问数:  138
        • HTML全文浏览量:  120
        文章相关
        • 通讯作者:  常智慧, .cn
        • 收稿日期:  2018-12-14
        • 刊出日期:  2019-10-01
        通讯作者: 陈斌,
        • 1. 

          shenyanghuagongdaxuecailiaokexueyugongchengxueyuan shenyang 110142

        1. 本站搜索
        2. 百度学术搜索
        3. 万方数据库搜索
        4. CNKI搜索

        /

        返回文章
        BG视讯